- New York Yankees
- November 15, 2018
Established in 1901, the New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team, based in New York City borough of the Bronx. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) East division and are one of the two major leagues based in New York City, along with the New York Mets of the National League (NL). The team is owned by Yankee Global Enterprise, which is controlled by Hal and Hank Steinbrenner, the two sons of George Steinbrenner, who bought the team in 1973. Until now, the Yankees have won 27 World Series Championships, 40 American League (AL) Pennants, 18 East Division Titles and six Wild Card berths, being one of the most successful sports club in the world.
The New York Yankees colors are midnight navy blue, gray and white; while their home ballpark has been the Yankee Stadium (III) since 2009.
Their career began in 1901, when they played for the first time in Baltimore, Maryland; participating under the management of John McGraw as the Baltimore Orioles in the American League, over the course of two seasons. Two years later, the team was purchased by Frank Farrell and Bill Devery. The owners took the club to New York, at first to the Hilltop Park, where they received the name New York Highlanders (1903 – 1912) and eventually to the Polo Grounds, where team was officially renamed the Yankees (1913).
The arrival of Babe Ruth
During their first 18 years in New York, the Yankees didn’t win any AL Pennants, but everything changed on 3rd of January 1920, when they purchased the contract of Babe Ruth from the Boston Red Sox for $125,000 and a $350,000 loan against the mortgage on Fenway Park. The results came in no time, as they won three consecutive AL Pennants and their first World Series title by defeating the New York Giants (1923).
The Murderers` Row and eight World Series titles
In the mid-1920s, the Yankees lineup composed of Babe Ruth, Tony Lazzeri, Earle Combs and Bob Meusel, was nicknamed the “Murderers’ Row.” With other legendary players, such as outfielder Joe DiMaggio and baseman Lou Gehrig on board, the team won a total of 11 AL Pennants and eight World Series Championships during the 1920s and ‘30s. Babe Ruth’s record of 60 home runs (1927) stood for 34 years until Roger Maris, another player from the Yankees surpassed it in 1961.
1940 – 1962
In spite of Lou Gehrig’s retirement due to a severe illness, the New York Yankees continued to shine in the ‘40s, winning three consecutive AL Pennants (1941-1943) and two World Series Championships (1941, 1943). These victories were followed by another series, under the management of Casey Stengel, who in 12 seasons as the team’s manager, won 10 AL Pennants and seven World Series.
The George Steinbrenner ownership
After decades of unmatched success, the Yankees didn’t win any other major title until the late ‘70s. On 3rd January 1973, George M. Steinbrenner III purchased the team from CBS for $8.7 million. Throughout his leadership, Steinbrenner had a lot of disputes with the Oakland star outfielder Reggie Jackson and manager Billy Martin, up until the point the Yankees were being referred to as the “Bronx Zoo.” In spite of the numerous feuds, with the arrival of Joe Torre as general manager, the team won six AL Pennants and four World Series Championships (1996, 1998–2000). Two years before his death, George Steinbrenner granted the ownership of the Yankees to his sons, Hal and Hank, in 2008.
2009 – Present
In 2009, the New York Yankees won their 27th World Series title in six games against the Philadelphia Phillies. Unfortunately, regardless of winning records and qualifying for four playoffs during the next seven seasons, the team didn’t manage to secure another World Series title. In 2017, the Yankees qualified for the playoffs but lost the AL Championship to the Houston Astros.
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